- Height: 21-24 inches
- Lifespan: 55-80 pounds
- Group: AKC Sporting Group
- Best Suited For: Families with children, active singles and seniors, houses with yards, farms/rural areas
- Temperament: Intelligent, easygoing, happy, gentle
- Comparable Breeds: Golden Retriever, Irish Setter
Labrador Retriever Basics
Labrador Retrievers are among the most popular dog breeds out there today. Loyal, easy to get along with, and easy to train, these retrievers could be considered a neighborhood classic all around the United States and even in other parts of the world. But what exactly makes them such popular, well-respected dogs… and does a strong breed always mean that a Labrador Retriever will be the right dog for you?
But what exactly makes them such popular, well-respected dogs… and does a strong breed always mean that a Labrador Retriever will be the right dog for you?
Canadian in decent, Labrador Retrievers originated in Newfoundland, having descended from the St. John’s Water Dog around the 16th century. The smaller versions of the St. John’s Water Dog were often used to retrieve as well as pull in fishing nets, giving this breed of dog a true working class background. Many people will observe that the personality of Labrador Retrievers is a strong indication of this background.
Descending from Portuguese, English, and Irish breeds, the Labrador Retriever could be considered a classic “blue-collar” dog not quite on par with some hunting dogs but certainly one of the more favorable “working” dog breeds available out there today. More recent history through previous centuries brought the Labrador Retriever back to England where it became a popular sporting and hunting dog.
As the Labrador Retriever descends from St. John’s Water Dogs, it certainly has a long way to trace its history and pedigree through the years, and is a direct descendant of popular European dogs throughout the High Middle Ages and onward. Although the Labrador Retriever was bred in the New World, it certainly has strong ties to other European breeds, though in the United States and the United Kingdom it has become perhaps the go-to breed in the world of registered pets.
Golden Retrievers are a separate breed from the Labrador but you’ll notice they share many common characteristics both physically and socially.
The Labrador Retriever can come in a few colors, including Yellow and Chocolate.
Food / Diet
Labrador Retrievers tend to be more active, larger dogs and consequently need a fair amount of food in comparison with many dogs. Without plenty of activity, it is common for people to overfeed a Labrador Retriever and this leads to seeing plenty of overweight Retrievers. But what exactly makes an adequate Retriever diet?
Although Labrador Retrievers are a larger breed of dog, it’s important to remember that they still should only get to around 80 pounds on the higher end for males and 70 pounds for the females. Many people are tempted to feed their Retriever like they’re another person in the home, but keep in mind that even an adult Retriever is typically just half the size of an average adult human.
Like with many dogs, meats are popular as well as vegetables and many types of all-purpose dog food can be considered suitable for Labrador Retrievers.
Labrador Retrievers can put up with a lot of training and generally respond well to behavior training.
Considered versatile, Labrador Retrievers can put up with a lot of training and generally respond well to behavior training. They are not excessively territorial or aggressive despite its large size and will often respond with all of the loyalty and obedience as you’re capable of giving. For people who aren’t interested in doing a lot of training on their dog, a Labrador Retriever makes an ideal dog because it will not always require a lot of work to keep it within the bounds of acceptable behavior. This isn’t to say that all Labrador Retrievers will respond this way, however.
As mentioned earlier, a typical healthy weight for an adult male Labrador Retriever is around 70-80 pounds and around 60-70 pounds for an adult female. If your Labrador Retriever tips the scales at 100 pounds, it would be considered officially obese and would benefit greatly from a weight loss regimen. Growing only to a few feet tall, Labrador Retrievers can be heavier dogs considering their relatively small frames, so be sure that your Labrador Retriever gets plenty of activity on a daily basis.
Temperament / Behavior
Friendly, accepting and not territorial, Labrador Retrievers are ideal house pets. Despite their relatively large size, Labrador Retrievers are not a particularly hostile or aggressive breed and bond quite easily with children and adults alike. Because they are called “Retrievers,” Labradors make a perfect dog for tossing a Frisbee or a ball outside and respond well to play. Labradors are also excellent swimmers and love to get outdoors during the summer.
Common Health Problems
In addition to a few inherited disorders such as cataracts and hip and joint problems, Labrador Retrievers are susceptible to obesity if they do not receive a proper diet and a healthy amount of exercise. Your Labrador Retriever’s health problems are likely to include joint issues, particularly if your dog is overweight and has been for a period of time.
A relatively normal life expectancy of around 10-12 years makes Labrador Retrievers a solid breed to grow up with your children.
Labrador retrievers can get heavy quickly and do require a lot of exercise. Luckily, the breed responds well to physical activity and is anxious to exercise throughout the day. Throwing a ball or Frisbee in the backyard can help keep your Labrador Retriever busy and panting even when you don’t particularly feel like moving around too much yourself.
Friendly, accepting and not territorial, Labrador Retrievers are ideal house pets.
The American Kennel Club calls the Labrador Retriever “gentle, intelligent and family-friendly.”
Labrador Retrievers typically have short coats with colors ranging everywhere from Yellow to Chocolate. You might even see fox-colored Retrievers. Labrador Retrievers will shed as they’re double-coated, but its coats are quite water-resistant which makes them great swimmers.
Generally, Labrador puppies should not be brought home before 7-10 weeks old, but many people enjoy Labrador puppies and find that once they adjust to life in the house they can make entertaining pets.
Photo credit: Marina Jay/Shutterstock