Pufferfish – Saltwater

fast facts

About Pufferfish – Saltwater

Size
Medium
Group
Saltwater
Temperament
Community Aggressive
Aquarium Size
Large (50 gal)
Swimming Region
Middle
Fish Water Condition
Suitable Tank Mates
Angelfish, Anthias, Batfish, Clownfish, Gobies and Squirrelfish
Difficulty Of Care
Weekly care
Saltwater Pufferfish General description


Pufferfish are a large family of saltwater fish consisting over a 100 distinct species. The various species of pufferfish are referred to by several common names such as balloonfish, blowfish, bubblefish, toadfish and sea squabs. Pufferfish are closely related to porcupine fish but do not have the same large, protruding external spines of the porcupine fish. Instead they have thinner spines which are hidden and only visible when they puff themselves up. Pufferfish are an extremely slow swimming, agile species of fish that utilizes all its fins when swimming. To compensate for this slow speed, it has also developed a unique defensive mechanism. When feeling threatened, a pufferfish will fill its elastic stomach with water until it expands to a large, almost globe-like shape. Pufferfish are also considered to be the second most poisonous vertebrae in the world and certain body parts of the fish are highly toxic to most other animals.


Pufferfish are a large family of saltwater fish consisting over a 100 distinct species.


Origins


Pufferfish originate in the tropical regions of most of the oceans across the world.


Color


Puffers come in shades of tan, brown, grey, black and white. In addition their bodies often display complex patterns of color and markings.


Maintenance and care


Pufferfish are a relatively hardy species of fish and are able to adapt well to life in the aquarium given stable water conditions. Most aquarium varieties reach a maximum length of 8 inches and should be housed in sufficiently large tanks with ample swimming space. Pufferfish also prefer aquariums with numerous caves and other hiding places which they can retreat to when feeling threatened.


Pufferfish are a predatory species and should not be housed with small, slow moving species of fish. They can also prey on smaller species of invertebrates in the aquarium.


Pufferfish are a relatively hardy species of fish and are able to adapt well to life in the aquarium given stable water conditions.


Feeding


Pufferfish are carnivores and should be fed on a meaty diet consisting of foods such as squid, krill, clams and shrimp.


Breeding


There are no known reports of pufferfish being successfully bred in the home aquarium. In the wild pufferfish are pelagic spawners and release vast amounts of eggs into the ocean currents.


Aquarium varieties


Arothron Dogface Puffer, Porcupine Puffer, Saddle Puffer, Saddle Valentini Puffer, Spiny Box Puffer, Spotted Puffer, Blue Spotted Puffer, Narrow Lined Puffer, Leopard Puffer, etc.


Photo credit: Erwin Kodiat/Flickr; Nhobgood/Wikimedia
Amy Tokic
Amy Tokic

Amy Tokic, Editor of PetGuide.com, is a passionate animal lover and proud pet parent of Oscar, a Shih Tzu/Chihuahua cross, and Zed, a Japanese Chin. Her love of animals began in kindergarten, when she brought her stuffed dog Snoopy into class with her every day. Now, she writes about her adventures in pet ownership and tirelessly researches products, news and health related issues she can share with other animal enthusiasts. In her free time, Amy loves perusing used book and record stores, obsessing over the latest pet products available and chasing squirrels with wild abandon (a habit attributed to spending too much time with her pooches).

More by Amy Tokic

Popular Pet Guide
Next