Saltwater Goby Fish

Amy Tokic
by Amy Tokic
fast facts

About Saltwater Goby Fish

Aquarium Size
Medium (30 gal)
Swimming Region
Fish Water Condition
Anthias, Basslets, Clownfish, Damsels and Dartfish
Difficulty Of Care
Weekly care
General description

Saltwater Goby Fish are a large family of fish made up of over 2000 distinct species. Most species of saltwater goby fish are extremely small in size and they are characterized by their brightly colored, torpedo-shaped bodies. The goby’s two pelvic fins are also fused into a unique disc-shaped sucker which allows the goby to attach itself it to various surfaces. Gobies are a relatively hardy species of fish that adapts fairly easily to life in the aquarium. This along with their peaceful temperament makes them excellent choices for most beginner aquarists.

Saltwater Goby Fish are a large family of fish made up of over 2000 distinct species.


Gobies originate in the shallow tropics of oceans across the world.


Gobies are one of the most colorful species of saltwater fish. They come in dazzling shades of red, yellow, orange, blue, green, silver, white, brown, grey and black.

Maintenance and care

Gobies are one of the smallest species of marine fish in the modern aquarium hobby and most species do not grow any larger than a couple of inches in length. Gobies are also extremely hardy and can adapt to a range of aquarium conditions.

An extremely peaceful variety of fish, gobies are very slow swimmers and shouldn’t be housed with larger, more aggressive species of fish that can harass it. Gobies can however be aggressive and territorial towards other gobies after reaching maturity.

Saltwater goby fish thrive when housed in aquariums with relatively peaceful tank mates and numerous caves and crevices. They are also an extremely intelligent species of fish and will often remember specific landmarks in the aquarium to retreat to when feeling threatened or preyed upon. Many species of goby also enjoy burrowing in the aquarium bottom and should be kept in aquariums with a soft sand substrate. Gobies are also prolific jumpers and should not be kept in open aquariums. They should only be housed in tanks with tight-fitting lids.


Gobies are primarily carnivores and should be fed on a meaty and varied diet consisting of live or frozen foods like brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, krill and plankton.

Gobies are also extremely hardy and can adapt to a range of aquarium conditions.


There are no known reports of successfully breeding gobies in the home aquarium.

In the wild gobies build burrows on the ocean floor out of sand and tiny pieces of coral rubble. Once spawning is complete, the female goby tends to the burrow while the male stands watch over the eggs.

Aquarium varieties

Catalina Goby, Clown Goby, Court Jester Goby, Neon Goby, Dracula Goby, Jaguar Goby, Watchman Goby, etc.

Photo credit: Richard Ling/Flickr; Haplochromis/Wikimedia

Amy Tokic
Amy Tokic

Amy Tokic, Editor of, is a passionate animal lover and proud pet parent of Oscar, a Shih Tzu/Chihuahua cross, and Zed, a Japanese Chin. Her love of animals began in kindergarten, when she brought her stuffed dog Snoopy into class with her every day. Now, she writes about her adventures in pet ownership and tirelessly researches products, news and health related issues she can share with other animal enthusiasts. In her free time, Amy loves perusing used book and record stores, obsessing over the latest pet products available and chasing squirrels with wild abandon (a habit attributed to spending too much time with her pooches).

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