Domestic Medium Hair

Lisa Selvaggio
by Lisa Selvaggio
fast facts

About Domestic Medium Hair

11-22 lb
Muscular, medium-sized
15-17 years
Best Suited For
First-time cat owners, any cat loving family, families with children and other pets, cat owners who are willing to regularly groom their pets
Active, playful, energetic, docile
Comparable Breeds
Domestic Shorthair, Domestic Longhair
9-14 inches
Domestic Medium Hair Breed History

The Domestic Medium Hair is not a single, recognized breed. Rather, these cats are affectionately referred to as mutts because they are mixed breed felines that can have the looks and characteristics of a combination of different breeds. And because these cats are commonly found in shelters and feral colonies throughout the world today, they are one of the most popular and beloved breeds.

These cats first arrived in America with the Pilgrims, who decided to bring them along on their ships in order to help control the rodent population. Many generations of mixed breeding among these felines created the Domestic Medium Hairs that are found in cat loving homes around the world.

The main difference between the Domestic Medium Hair, the Domestic Longhair, and the Domestic Shorthair is the fact that the Medium Hair has a medium coat gene that produces its rarer, distinctive fur. But, because these breeds are related, if you have experience with the Longhair or Shorthair, you will have a really good idea of what a Medium Hair cat will be like.

The Domestic Medium Hair Cat has a medium-coat gene that produces its rarer, distinctive fur.

Breed Traits

Like Domestic Longhairs and Domestic Shorthairs, Domestic Medium Hairs have a diverse gene pool and can consist of a variety of different breeds mixed into one cat. Therefore, their temperaments and personalities range widely from super affectionate to independent, and really talkative or active to very quiet, laidback, and docile.

Getting to know each cat as an individual is the best way to figure out what their specific needs and preferences are. For instance, if you adopt a Domestic Medium Hair that wants to spend a lot of time around you, you can take steps to make sure those needs are met, perhaps by spending time playing with your pet or snuggling on the couch together. On the other hand, if you have a kitty who’s more comfortable being independent and doing their own thing, you’ll know that too much attention might stress your pet out.

On the whole, though, you can expect Domestic Medium Hairs to make great pets, and they will fit in well in any cat loving family. Many will get along wonderfully with children and other pets, including other cats. So, Domestic Medium Hair kitties are ideal for both small and large families, as well as singles.

Because Domestic Medium Hairs tend to have attractive and endearing personalities, you may want to adopt more than one so they can keep each other company and give you even more attention and love. You’re sure to quickly fall for their adorable characteristics, their cuddly and inquisitive nature, and their peaceful and quiet demeanor throughout the day (except when it’s feeding time, of course!).

As with all cat breeds, Domestic Medium Hairs will thrive in a home where they can feel safe and secure, and where they have plenty of environmental enrichment to keep them occupied. Some will absolutely love a catio, while others can be trained to travel or go for a walk on a leash or in a pet stroller. Also, putting up cat trees and a window perch, giving your kitty a variety of toys to play with, and setting aside time to interact with or cuddle with your cat will help them feel at ease and happy.

These kitties tend to do well when left alone for a few hours, provided that their needs are met, but they still require plenty of attention and interaction. Of course, if you lead a busy life and you are seldom at home, a cat might not be the pet you are looking for. Although independent and sometimes solitary, cats will still require your constant care, so make sure you provide it to them.

You should expect that Domestic Medium Hairs will be playful and rambunctious kittens, but they tend to mellow out with age. Properly socialized when they are young, Domestic Medium Hairs will make great lifelong companions.

When it comes to training, it is a good idea to start while your pet is young, and using positive reinforcement is the best way to teach your kitty the rules without creating an environment where they feel scared, anxious, or uncomfortable. Setting rules early on can help ensure your cat will grow up to understand what’s allowed and what isn’t allowed. And with proper socialization, your pet will also get along well with anyone they meet. So, whether you want to stop your cat from scratching the furniture or jumping on the countertop in the kitchen, just keep in mind that the right training will help your feline companion understand what you want.

Overall Description

Again, like Domestic Shorthairs and Domestic Longhairs, Domestic Medium Hairs come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and markings, depending upon the breeds that make up their ancestry. For example, some cats may be lean and long, while others may be short and stocky. Generally, though, females tend to be smaller than males.

While cats of some other feline breeds might all look really similar, particularly when it comes to their colors or markings (think: Siamese or Bengal cats), two Domestic Medium Hairs might look completely different. That’s how varied these kitties can be, and they’re all beautiful in their own unique ways!

In other words, there isn’t a strict set of physical characteristics with Domestic Medium Hair cats. A lot of it comes down to simple variations. No two cats are ever exactly the same, regardless of breed, but this can especially be the case with Domestic Medium Hairs. And that’s just another one of the many wonderful traits that these cats have: they are charming, pretty, and always one-of-a-kind.

When you first meet a Domestic Medium Hair, you might need to take a closer look at their appearance to be sure of the breed. By looking for certain characteristics, you can get your answer. For example, the main feature that all Domestic Medium Hairs have in common is their luxuriously soft and beautiful double coat. You might also notice that the hair is longer around certain parts of the body, such as the tail and the neck, but shorter in other areas, giving the cat a combination of longer and shorter hair all over the body.

Also worth noting: these cats are not as common as their Domestic Shorthair counterparts. You might not come across them as easily as you would a Shorthair or even a Longhair, so when you do, you’ll know that it’s quite special.


The Domestic Medium Hair comes in a wide range of colors and patterns, as well as eye colors. Some of the most common patterns include tabby, tortie, patched tabby, solid, and smoke.

Ultimately, the appearance of each cat will depend on their ancestry and genes. Even if you have a mother cat who is ready to give birth, you may not be able to predict what her kittens will look like, unless, perhaps, the parents are almost the same—but even in that case, you might be surprised when the offspring comes out looking completely different from the parents.

Grooming Requirements

Your kitty will do a fantastic job of keeping herself nice and clean by regularly grooming herself. However, she might really enjoy being brushed, so give it a try to see how it makes her feel. This could be a great way to bond with your pet, and can also help prevent hairballs.

Speaking of hairballs, because Domestic Medium Hairs feature a thick, double coat, they may require regular grooming sessions that will help prevent mats and hairballs. There are various brushes that are designed specifically for felines, and they can make grooming your pet a lot easier and quicker. Basically, with the right brushes and a consistent routine, you can help your Domestic Medium Hair look and feel fabulous by removing loose fur and keeping the skin and coat healthy, soft, and smooth.

Generally, a weekly brushing is highly recommended, though owners can opt to groom their cats more often, if necessary. See what your cat needs. For example, if your Domestic Medium Hair is getting older and isn’t able to groom herself as well as she used to, you might want to brush her more often to help her.

Specialized grooming salons for cats might also help you with the brushing if you need it, but this typically is not required. While an occasional visit could leave your feline friend looking elegant, graceful, and endlessly pretty, if it’s too much of a stressful experience, it’s best to stick with grooming your kitty gently at home. Of course, as it goes with all cats, some loose hair cannot be avoided, especially when you have a pet with a thicker coat, so it’s a good idea to invest in one of the many lint rollers and pet hair cleaners that can come in handy when it comes to keeping your home clean.

Photo credit: alexmak72427/Bigstock; hannadarzy/Bigstock; VadimGuzhva/Bigstock

Lisa Selvaggio
Lisa Selvaggio

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