December 5, 2019 PetGuide
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Miki Dog

  • Height: 10-11 inches
  • Weight: up to 10 lb
  • Lifespan: 13-15 years
  • Group: not applicable
  • Best Suited For: Families with children, singles and seniors, apartments, houses with/without yards
  • Temperament: Intelligent, affectionate, calm, sweet-natured
  • Comparable Breeds: Papillon, Japanese Chin

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If you’re looking for an adorable little pooch who will steal your heart away and never give it back, then you just found him. A toy-sized pooch with a big ol’ personality, the unique Miki Dog is a bonafide heart stealer. These adorable little dogs are friendly, sweet, and have the cutest appearance. Many pet owners have already fallen deeply in love with this breed and many more will follow. It’s almost impossible not to if you have even the slightest appreciation for fuzziness or cuteness. On average, these pups weigh under 10 pounds, so they are popular with small breed dog admirers. They are ideal for life in an apartment since their miniature stature will make any space seem spacious.

Having only been developed in the 1980s, the Miki (or Mi-Ki) Dog breed, is still considered to be fairly new and it is actually still quite rare as well. This breed looks like a cross between a Japanese Chin, a Maltese, and a Papillon because it has a very small stature with long, flowing hair, and feathered ears. This breed combines aspects from many different toy breeds, but it has a look and a personality that is all its own. If you are looking for a small-breed dog that exhibits a high level of intelligence, while still being calm and affectionate, the Miki Dog may be a good option for you. These a bright and affectionate little guys despite looking like they might be yappy and dumb. If you generally don’t like toy dogs because of their behavioral issues, the Miki Dog is the well behaved beauty that will change your mind. 

That being said, the Miki Dog is not a perfect choice for every dog owner. If not socialized early enough, they might be prone to behavioral issues. Separation anxiety can also be a problem, since these dogs don’t do well with being left alone for hours on end. So, while the Miki Dog can bust many of the stereotypes of toy dogs, it’s only if you are will to put in the work as a responsible dog owner and/or trainer. To learn more about the traits of this rare and recent breed, as well as find out all about their quirks and requirements, read on! All of the Miki Dog secrets are about to be revealed. 

This breed combines aspects from many different toy breeds but it has a look and a personality that is complete its own.

There are a number of different theories out there related to the origins for the Miki Dog. In fact, several different clubs have set their own standards for the breed and each one is slightly different. All of the clubs do at least share the same name for the breed though. So there is at least some consistency. The Miki Club of America maintains that this breed is Asian in origin and it is thought to have first appeared in the United States at some point during the 1980s. This breed shares a common ancestry with the Japanese Chin, the Maltese, and the Papillon. Although the exact percentage of each breed in the makeup of the Miki Dog remains unknown. With dogs that share a complicated lineage like this, it’s nearly impossible to know exactly how it all began.

One origin story states that the Miki Dog breed was started by Micki Mackin. This American breeder began to develop a small-breed dog by using small Shih Tzus as well as the Japanese Chin, the Maltese, and the Papillon. Unfortunately, Micki Macklin did not keep particularly detailed or accurate records, so the amount used from each breed is unknown. There may even have been some Yorkshire Terrier in the mix as well. It’s tough to know for sure.

The Mi-KI Dog is not demanding when it comes to his nutrition. Like all dogs, he will obviously need a well-balanced diet to stay happy and healthy. Luckily, for a small dog like this little guy, it’s not too difficult to provide all of the essential nutrients. Most pet owners simply opt for high-quality dry food for dogs, because it is nutritionally complete and readily available. Of course, there are some things to consider before choosing the right kibble. First, the ingredients should be high-grade and natural, without artificial additives, colors, or cheap fillers. Meat should be the primary ingredients, followed by healthy fats and fibre. 

The Miki Dog is a small-breed dog and as a result, they should be offered a commercial dog food that is specially formulated for small breeds. This type of dog food is designed to meet the high energy needs of small breed dogs and if you’ve ever owned a small breed dog, you’ll know just how high their energy levels can get. In addition to small breed formula, Miki Dog will also need kibble that is appropriate for their age. Puppies, adults, and seniors have different nutritional needs and energy levels. If you are having a hard time finding a high-grad dog food that works for your pooch, it’s always worth checking in with your vet. Your veterinarian will always have a better sense of the specific needs of your pup than any dog food manufacturer. So never be afraid to ask them, when in doubt. 

Another important thing to note about the Miki Dog’s diet is that they are prone to obesity and shouldn’t be free fed. On average, these dogs don’t need more than half-to-a-full cup of kibble a day. Usually, a manufacturer will print out the feeding guide on the kibble bag so you can check the exact amounts if you’re unsure. Split the daily dose of kibble into two or more smaller meals to prevent bloating and promote better digestion. While your Miki Dog will be more than happy to overeat at any time, it’s important for your pup’s longterm health to carefully monitor their portions. So, no matter how much they beg, stay strong and keep your dog trim. 

Because the Miki Dog is an intelligent breed, he typically responds well to training.

Because the Miki Dog is an intelligent breed, he typically responds well to training. These dogs are also highly adaptable to a variety of different lifestyles. Miki dogs should be started on training early using positive-reinforcement based training methods. As is true for many small-breed dogs, a firm and consistent hand in training is required to prevent this breed from developing small dog syndrome. This breed loves to learn and is eager to please, so training should be fairly easy. But it is important to establish yourself as the alpha in the relationship early and with a gentle hand. A well-trained Miki Dog will grow into your well-behaved princess, but an untrained Miki with small dog syndrome could grow into a yappy nightmare. Don’t waste those precious early days.

At maturity, the Miki Dog stands only 10 to 11 inches tall and it weighs about 10 lbs. They will be your pocket sized best friend.

Not only is the Miki Dog an intelligent breed, but it is friendly and affectionate as well. This breed loves to be around people and they are good with strangers as well as children. The Miki Dog is even-tempered, which makes it a great choice for a therapy dog. Even better, it is not aggressive with or intimidated by other dogs. As is true with all dogs, socialization is important from a young age, but the Miki Dog is unlikely to develop problems with people or other pets. They are simply too friendly and lovable for that. This breed exhibits several cat-like behaviors such as laying in the sun and washing its coat (and yes, that is just as adorable as it sounds). The Miki Dog is a very social breed and it is highly adaptable to a variety of living situations. They will happily fit into any family. Yes, even yours!

For the most part, the Miki Dog is a very healthy breed with no specific health problems. In fact, the American Mi-ki Registry Association has instituted on a mandatory health testing procedure to check for congenital conditions like cone retinal dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, von Willebrand’s disease, and hemophilia. While the Miki Dog is not prone to many significant health problems, it can be affected by issues that affect other toy breeds like patellar luxation. So, it’s important to maintain regular appointments with your vet to ensure that any potential problems can be spotted early and treated accordingly. Admittedly, that’s true of any dog. But it’s still good advice and worth repeating.

The average lifespan for the Miki Dog is between 13 and 15 years. A fairly long life for such a tiny pooch!

The Mi-ki Dog is a fairly active breed, so it requires a long daily walk to meet its exercise needs. This breed loves to run and play. They also enjoy having free space to run outside. Active play is a good way to provide supplemental exercise, but it will not meet the exercise needs of this breed. A brisk walk is required on a daily basis. These pups have plenty of energy that they need to burn off every day. If you don’t help them burn that energy off through a walk or play, they will find a mischievous way of burning it off themselves. You’ve been warned.

This breed loves to be around people and they are good with strangers as well as children.

The Miki Dog is not currently recognized by the AKC ,but the International Miki Registry (IMR) is currently seeking recognition with the United Kennel Club. The Miki Club of America also received full recognition of the breed by the RVD/UCI based in Germany. This makes it eligible for show in 16 additional countries around the world, but that only applies to Miki Dogs in the Miki Club of America stud book.

The list of smaller canine clubs and organizations that recognize Mi-Ki Dog as a breed includes American Canine Association Inc., American Pet Registry, Inc., Dog Registry of America, Inc., Continental Mi-Ki Association, and Rarities Inc. The clubs that revolve around the breed specifically are International Mi-Ki Registry (IMR), Mi-Ki Breeders USA (MBUSA), and Mi-Ki™ Club of America, Inc. (MCOA).

The Miki Dog exhibits two different coat types: smooth and long. The smooth coat is short and lies close to the body with short fringing on the ears and no beard or mustache. The long coat is silky and straight with a fine texture and long feathering on the ears. The Miki Dog comes in a variety of different colors, though solid colors are rare. So, there are plenty of different styles of Miki Dog available, if there is a specific look that you have in mind.

The Miki Dog typically has a very small litter size of only 1 to 4 puppies. Miki Dog puppies are very small when they are born and they only reach an average size of 4 to 8 lbs. at maturity. Needless to say, such tiny puppies are very fragile and prone to injuries. To avoid any accidents and mishaps, do not leave your kids to play with your Mikie Dog puppy without supervision. Additionally, you should also be very gentle when picking up your Mi-Ki puppy or playing with them.

While undeniably adorable, the tiny Mi-Ki puppies will need to be trained and socialized at an early age. Timely behavior correction will ensure your pet doesn’t develop small dog syndrome and that he is friendly and social with other dogs and children. All toy dogs can be a bit difficult to housebreak, so it’s not a bad idea to start with potty training first. Once you have those tricky training years out of the way, life with your Miki Dog should feel like a dream. Enjoy it. 

Photo credit: MonicaChadwick/Shutterstock; focus.n.develop/Shutterstock

Comparable Breeds

Go to Papillon


  • Height: 8-11 inches
  • Weight: 7-10 lb
  • Lifespan: 13-16 years
  • Group: AKC Toy
  • Best Suited For: Families with older children, singles, seniors, apartments, houses with/without yards
  • Temperament: Loving, playful, lively, cuddly
  • Comparable Breeds: Chihuahua, Pomeranian
Go to Japanese Chin

Japanese Chin

  • Height: 7-11 inches
  • Weight: 4-15 lb
  • Lifespan: 11-15 years
  • Group: AKC Toy
  • Best Suited For: Families with children, singles, seniors, apartments
  • Temperament: Sweet, willing to please, loving, devoted
  • Comparable Breeds: Pekingese, Shih Tzu, Pug