Wrasse

fast facts

About Wrasse

Group:
Saltwater
Size:
Large
Temperament:
Varies
Aquarium Size:
Large (50+ gal)
Swimming Region:
Bottom
Fish Water Condition:
Suitable Tank Mates:
Angelfish, Tangs, Clownfish, Boxfish and Damselfish
Difficulty Of Care:
Weekly care
Wrasse General description


Wrasse are large family of saltwater fish made up of over 600 different species. They are also one of the most popular and commonly kept species of marine aquarium fish. Most species of wrasse are vibrantly colored and are relatively hardy, making them excellent choices for most beginner aquarists.


Wrasse are large family of saltwater fish made up of over 600 different species.


Origins


Wrasse originate in most tropical waters from around the world.


Color


Wrasee come in a dazzling array of colors ranging from red, orange, yellow, blue, green, purple, brown and black.


Maintenance and care

Although a fairly common species of marine aquarium fish, it is important to thoroughly research each species of wrasse due to their varying temperaments. For example, some species of wrasse can also only be kept in pairs or in harems.


Wrasse are a very active species of fish and are powerful jumpers. They are also known to burrow into the aquarium’s substrate when feeling threatened, so it is important to use soft sand as a substrate in the wrasse aquarium. Some are also known to build mucus cocoons and burrow into the substrate when sleeping. If wrasse aren’t provided with a suitable substrate they will often attempt to hide under and between rocks and can sometimes topple the aquarium’s rockscapes.


It is important to keep the substrate of the aquarium clean as they can sometimes develop various bacterial infections after burrowing into polluted substrate.


Feeding


Wrasse are carnivores and thrive when fed on small crustaceans, marine worms and snails. Larger species of wrasse can prey on smaller species of fish.


Most species are vibrantly colored and are relatively hardy, making them excellent choices for most beginner aquarists.


Breeding


Wrasse have the ability to change sex and have complex, haremic mating systems. For example, when the mating female of a harem dies, the subordinate females will all compete for her position. And if the dominant male dies, the head female will transform into a male and assume his duties. While they are known to sometimes spawn in the aquarium, it is extremely rarely that aquarists are able to successfully raise the fry.


Aquarium varieties


Cleaner Common, Fairy, Carpenter’s Flasher, Black Leopard, Yellow Banded Possum, etc.


Photo credit: Brian Gratwicke/Wikimedia; LMBM2012/Wikimedia

Amy Tokic
Amy Tokic

Amy Tokic, Editor of PetGuide.com, is a passionate animal lover and proud pet parent of Oscar, a Shih Tzu/Chihuahua cross, and Zed, a Japanese Chin. Her love of animals began in kindergarten, when she brought her stuffed dog Snoopy into class with her every day. Now, she writes about her adventures in pet ownership and tirelessly researches products, news and health related issues she can share with other animal enthusiasts. In her free time, Amy loves perusing used book and record stores, obsessing over the latest pet products available and chasing squirrels with wild abandon (a habit attributed to spending too much time with her pooches).

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