Is Ice Water Really Dangerous for Dogs?

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You probably already know that there are certain “human” foods that are very dangerous for dogs – things like grapes, caffeine and onions. But what about seemingly innocuous items like ice cubes and ice water? There is a great deal of misinformation out there regarding this particular item for dogs so it is important that you take the time to read correct information on the subject.

How the Controversy Began

Rumors regarding the dangers of ice cubes and ice water for dogs have been circulating since 2007, but the main culprit of the myth was a cautionary tale written way back in 2010. This article titled “No Ice Water for Dogs… Please Read ASAP” tells the story of Baran, a show dog who was given ice water by his owner following a competition to help him cool down. Within 30 minutes of drinking the water, Baran reportedly began showing signs of distress and was rushed to a veterinary clinic where he was diagnosed with gastric dilation volvulus, or bloat. According to the vet, the ice water caused Baran’s stomach muscles to cramp and twist, leading to a life-threatening situation that could easily have been fatal if the dog hadn’t received prompt veterinary treatment.

As the Interwebs are prone to do, the concern spread. Since its publication, this article has received a lot of attention and a great deal of flack regarding its accuracy. The author of the article has even published replies to comments in hopes of clearing up any confusion. Regardless, the question of whether ice water is safe for dogs continues to circulate.

The Truth of the Matter: Bloat Is The Bigger Concern

The long and short of the matter is that ice cubes and ice water are not dangerous for dogs. It is dangerous, however, for a dog to drink water (regardless the temperature) too quickly because they are likely to swallow a lot of air in the process – this is the more likely cause of Baran’s distress. When a dog swallows too much air during the consumption of food or water, it can lead to bloating in the stomach which contributes to the dangerous condition called gastric dilation volvulus.

Bloat in dogs is not just painful for them, but terrifying for you. If your dog suffers from bloat (and we’re not talking that cute puppy belly), they’re likely to become pretty lethargic very quickly. They may not ‘look’ like they’re in a lot of pain, but just as we humans don’t want to be moving and grooving when we have a belly ache, neither do they. Their stomach distension when it’s simple bloat, or gastric dilation, can just look like that full belly feeling and it’s becasue in drinking the ice water too quickly, they took in too much air. That excess air puts a lot of pressure on their internal organs–especially those around the stomach, diaphragm and large veins in their abdomen. This can cause them to have issues with proper blood flow and breathing.

And as we know, the breathing issues are a huge concern, particularly if we’ve given our dogs ice water to cool them off. They’ve probably been panting to cool themselves off and there’s little way to know if the panting they’re doing is now coming from their self-cooling or because it’s difficult to breathe because of bloating.

Additionally, the more severe condition known as gastric dilation and volvulus (GDV) can be fatal if you don’t get to it and treat it quickly enough. This is because as opposed to simple bloat that may occur when your dog takes in too much air with water gulps, with GDV, your dog’s stomac will fill with that air and gas and rotate like a balloon. It can twist and turn anywhere from 180-360 degrees in your dog’s abdomen and when that happens? Your dog’s stomach can be closed off at both ends, leaving no way for air to get out. And without consistent blood supply? Your dog’s stomach and other organs go downhill and fast. This is likely the case in dogs like Baran, and more likley to happen when your dog is super thirsty (or even hungry) and gulps water to cool–regardless of the temperature of the water.

IF your dog should take in water quickly, whether it’s ice water or room temp, look for the following signs after:

  • Abdomen Distension
  • Lethargy
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Retching (attempted vomit with no success)
  • Panting

Preventing Bloat in Dogs

Though giving your dog ice water to cool down is not dangerous, you should always be careful about cooling your dog too quickly. Rather than soaking your dog in ice water, try draping him in a wet towel or having him lie down on a cool surface. If the dog is cooled too quickly, it could cause the capillaries in his skin to close off which could interfere with the cooling of internal organs. Once your dog’s body temperature drops below 103° there is no longer any danger of heat stroke.

In terms of preventing bloat in dogs, it all comes down to keeping them from eating or drinking too quickly. Keep an eye on your dog as he eats and drinks to make sure that he doesn’t become overeager and take in lots of air as he drinks. It is also wise to avoid exercising your dog within thirty to sixty minutes of mealtime. Large breed dogs are particularly prone to gastric dilation volvulus because of their deep chests – it is often recommended that you use an elevated food bowl for these breeds.

As long as you are responsible about the way you feed and water your dog, you shouldn’t have to worry about bloat. Remember, ice cubes and ice water are not inherently dangerous but you should still be careful about how you use them.