- Height: 7-12 inches
- Weight: 3-7 lb
- Lifespan: 12-16 years
- Group: AKC Toy
- Best Suited For: Families with older children, singles, seniors, apartments, houses with/without yards
- Temperament: Bold, curious, playful, adventurous
- Comparable Breeds: Papillon, Yorkshire Terrier
It’s hard to resist the sweet ball of fur known as the Pomeranian. Not only is this breed uber cute, the Pomeranian is a wonderful addition to the family, thanks to its docile temperament, intelligence and devotion. And just to prove you shouldn’t judge a book by its cover (no matter how cute it is), the Pomeranian makes an excellent watchdog – just don’t expect it will scare people off.
It may be small in size, but Pomeranians are quite sturdy when it comes to its appearance and bone structure. Often compared to small foxes due to the shape of its face, the Pomeranian sports a plumed tail that feathers over its back.
A favorite among those who show dogs, Pomeranians’ easygoing personalities make them a great forever companion as well. You can trust that your Pomeranian will be outgoing, easily trainable, and will love being the center of attention. Read on to find out more about the Pomeranian.
The Pomeranian is a wonderful addition to the family, thanks to its docile temperament, intelligence and devotion.
Dating back to the Prussian region of Pomerania, the history of the Pomeranian can be traced to the ancient Spitz dogs that were originally used as sled dogs. The breed’s name originally came from the historical region of Pomerania (now present day Germany and Poland). Originally weighing nearly 30 pounds, the dog served as an able herder of sheep in its larger form. These dogs, which weighed in at a hefty four to five pounds, became an instant hit among the nobility of the day. Its natural skills at showmanship not only made them popular dogs for showing in competitions, but also popular in the circus for its outgoing and winning personalities as well as their agility and ability to learn fairly complicated tricks.
There have been some rather famous owners of Pomeranians throughout history. Among them are Marie Antoinette, Mozart, Thomas Edison, and Michelangelo in addition to Queen Victoria who owned quite a few of these amazing little dogs.
Tracing back to the ancient Spitz dogs that were used to pull sleds, the Pomeranian is a much smaller dog than its ancestors. Its small size is a result of Queen Victoria, who during 1800s requested a smaller breed that became the dog we know today.
The Pomeranian was recognized by the AKC in 1888.
Food / Diet
Pomeranians are known to be picky eaters, and since this breed needs to be fed dry dog food in order to prevent tooth loss, feeding them can be a problem. Try to stay away from table scraps – your Pomeranian will develop a taste for it and may ignore its dry food altogether.
A favorite among those who show dogs, Pomeranians’ easygoing personalities make them a great forever companion as well.
Pomeranians can be a handful at times – although they are intelligent, they can also be willful. Start training as soon as possible and be consistent. Since the breed is smart, your dog can be taught some amazing tricks. Like most dogs, crate training your Pomeranian is important, as it needs a den of its own.
Both male and female Pomeranians can weight anywhere from three to seven pounds.
Temperament / Behavior
As we mentioned before, the Pomeranian is outgoing and intelligent. They will soak up all the attention they can get from your family. And because they are so small, they travel well, so your Pomeranian can make friends wherever it travels.
Because of its small size, which makes it more prone to injury, the Pomeranian is best suited for homes with older children. In addition, smaller children may get your Pomeranian overly excited. Households with older children are ideal, as Pomeranians will be more likely to be showered with the attention they desire. It’s also a good idea to get your kids involved with training – it’s a wonderful way to set boundaries and build strong bonds.
It may be a bit of a dog stereotype, but the small Pomeranians can be a bit yippy. But if you start training young, you can nip the yip in the bud!
The Pomeranian suffers from small dog syndrome, which means it doesn’t know it’s a small dog. That’s why it will pick a fight with a much bigger dog. And because the Pomeranian loves attention, ensure that it’s not left alone for long periods of time. As long as your Pomeranian gets the exercise it needs and lots of love, it will make an excellent pet.
Common Health Problems
You should be aware of a few health conditions that are fairly common with Pomeranians. One of the most frequent is early tooth loss. You can help prevent this by feeding your Pomeranian a healthy diet of dry dog food that helps condition its teeth and gums. You can also brush your Pomeranian’s teeth daily. Always check with the breeder in order to identify any potential problems in the parental lines of a Pomeranian and make sure your dog gets regular check-ups so issues can be identified early on.
Pomeranians have a life expectancy of 12 to 16 years.
The Pomeranian needs regular exercise though it is possible for them to get a fair amount by simply running around the house. We recommend taking them for a daily walk – besides, the Pomeranian will love the attention it gets along the way.
Because it is so small, this breed travels well, so your Pomeranian can make friends wherever it travels.
The American Kennel Club says this about the breed: “The Pomeranian is a cocky, animated companion with an extroverted personality. This compact little dog is an active toy breed with an alert character and fox-like expression.”
Pomeranians have a soft and fluffy undercoat and a long and straight overcoat. The Pomeranian’s coat comes in a variety of colors, so don’t be surprised to see a range of varieties.
The Pomeranian’s coat sheds constantly and it needs daily brushing in order to prevent tangling and matting. This grooming habit will help prevent dandruff as well. You should also clean its ears and eyes prevent potential problems and infections.
Your adorable Pomeranian puppy will need lots of attention and love, so do it right from the start. The first four to six months are important when it comes to forming your dog’s personality and responsiveness. Be consistent with house training and discipline, and stick to a routine – you’ll be rewarded with years of ease and pleasure.
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