- Height: 22-28 inches
- Weight: 70-100 lb
- Lifespan: 11-13 years
- Group: AKC Foundation Stock Service
- Best Suited For: experienced dog owners, house with a yard, active singles, active families
- Temperament: protective, independent, loving, faithful
- Comparable Breeds: Hungarian Kuvasz, Great Pyrenees
Slovak Cuvac Basics
Also known as the Slovensky Cuvac, the Slovak Chuvach, and the Tatransky Cuvac, the Slovak Cuvac is a large Slovakian breed known for its plush white coat and its livestock guarding abilities. This dog is similar in appearance to the Great Pyrenees and other mountain breeds and it has the same fearless ability to defend its family when necessary. If you are looking for an independent and protective dog breed, the Slovak Cuvac may be one to consider.
The Slovak Cuvac is a large Slovakian breed known for its plush white coat and its livestock guarding abilities.
The origins of the Slovak Cuvac breed can be traced back as far as the 17th century. In the early years of the breed, the Cuvac was used as a livestock guardian in the mountains of the Soviet Union. As wolves began to slowly disappear from the countryside, however, herding practices changed and the Slovak Cuvac breed nearly went extinct. After World War II, a veterinarian set about to revive the breed and the first written standard was published in 1964. The breed became internationally recognized in 1969, though it has yet to gain AKC recognition.
The exact origins of the Slovak Cuvac are unknown because it is a old breed – it may share some of its ancestry with the Kuvasz and other large mountain breeds.
As a large-breed dog breed, the Slovak Cuvac should be fed a high-quality commercial dog food diet formulated for dogs of its size. Because this breed is a high-energy hunting breed, however, an active or working breed formula may be more appropriate to meet his needs. For these dogs, you should also be sure to choose a large-breed puppy formula to keep your dog from growing too quickly.
The Slovak Cuvac is not a breed that is recommended for inexperienced dog owners, partially due to its size but also due to its independent nature.
The Slovak Cuvac is not a breed that is recommended for inexperienced dog owners, partially due to its size but also due to its independent nature. Livestock guarding breeds tend to be fairly independent so you will need to establish yourself as the alpha of the family and then maintain a firm and consistent hand in leadership throughout the dog’s life. It is also important that this breed receives plenty of socialization from an early age to ensure that they get along with other dogs – this breed is naturally good with children and fairly patient with rough handling.
The Slovak Cuvac is a large-breed dog that stands anywhere from 22 to 28 inches tall and weighs 70 to 100 pounds at maturity.
As a livestock guarding breed, the Slovak Cuvac has strong protective instincts. This breed tends to bond closely with family and it will stop at nothing to defend those it loves. These dogs are incredibly faithful and they are a little more affectionate than some guarding breeds – they even get along well with children. The breed can be amenable to other dogs, but it is best if they are all raised together. Adequate daily exercise and mental stimulation is the best way to prevent this breed from developing problem behaviors or destructive tendencies.
Common Health Problems
The Slovak Cuvac is generally a healthy and hardy breed that doesn’t have a high risk for serious inherited health problems. As a large-breed dog, however, they have a risk for musculoskeletal issues like hip dysplasia and patellar luxation – they also have a higher risk for gastric torsion.
The average lifespan for this breed is 11 to 13 years.
As a livestock guarding breed, the Slovak Cuvac is a fairly high-energy breed. These dogs require a long daily walk or brisk jog to meet their minimum needs for exercise, but they also appreciate having free time to run in a fenced yard. Adequate daily exercise and mental stimulation will help to prevent the development of problem behaviors.
As a livestock guarding breed, the Slovak Cuvac has strong protective instincts.
The Slovak Cuvac is not currently recognized by the AKC but it is part of the Foundation Stock Service and will be admitted when registration numbers reach the right level.
One of the identifying characteristics of the Slovak Cuvac breed is its thick white coat. Its coat tends to shed a lot and its thickness makes it a challenge to groom. This breed needs to be brushed every day to control shedding and frequent baths are also recommended to keep the dog’s white coat clean.
The average litter size for the Slovak Cuvac is 6 to 8 puppies. Because this breed is fairly independent by nature, early socialization and training is recommended. You must also maintain a firm and consistent hand in leadership throughout the puppy’s life. Because the Slovak Cuvac is a large-breed dog, you also need to take precautions against him growing too quickly – a large-breed puppy formula is recommended to protect him against bone and joint problems later in life.
Photo credit: Lenkadan/Shutterstock; Zuzule/Shutterstock; Alexandra Morrison Photo/Shutterstock